The Internet of Things
Rise of machine to machine (M2M) communications, generally referred to as the “Internet of Things”(IoT). It is a world embedded with so many digital devices that the space between them consists not of dark circuitry but rather the space of the city itself. If the understanding of the “Internet of Things” still eludes you, envision a scenario where every component of your car had its own sensor, and all of these sensors periodically phoned home about what was going on inside them. This “Internet of Things” will bring about revolutionary change in how we interact with our environment and, more importantly, how we live our lives.
History of Internet of Things:
1832: An electromagnetic telegraph was created by Baron Schilling in Russia.
1833: Carl Friedrich Gauss and Wilhelm Weber invented their own code to communicate over a distance of 1200 m within Göttingen, Germany.
1844: Samuel Morse sends the first morse code public telegraph message “What hath God wrought?” from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore.
1966: Karl Steinbuch a German computer science pioneer said “In a few decades time, computers will be interwoven into almost every industrial product”
1974: Beginnings of TCP/IP
1984: Domain Name System is introduced
1989: Tim Berners-Lee proposes the World Wide Web
1990: John Romkey created the first Internet ‘device’, a toaster.
1994: Steve Mann creates WearCam.
1995: The Internet goes commercial with Amazon and Ebay.
1999 – A big year for the IoT and MIT
The Internet of Things term is coined by Kevin Ashton.
2003-2004: The term is mentioned in main-stream publications like The Guardian, Scientific American and the Boston Globe.
2006-2008: Recognition by the EU and the First European IOT conference is held.
2008-2009: The Internet of Things was “Born”.
2011: IPV6 public launch – The new protocol allows for 2128 (approximately 340 undecillion or 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456) addresses.
Look out at news:
- Mobile devices will outnumber humans this year.
- 90% of consumer-connected devices will have access to some personal cloud in 2013.
- 24 billion devices will be connected to the Internet by 2020.
- At least 4 billion terabytes of data will be generated this year alone.
The rise of the Internet of Things means billions of physical objects will soon generate massive amounts of data 24 hours a day. Today, there are nine billion devices connected to the internet. By 2020, this will have increased to 24 billion although some estimates place the number at 100 billion. The internet of things is going to be big, but to separate the reality from the hype its worth looking for hard data. If not at market size or potential profits, then let’s just try to see where people are in terms of interest in the products.
This Internet of Things will increase business “efficiency, productivity and collaboration,” as it delivers real-time data and insight when required. The Internet of Things has great promise, yet business, policy, and technical challenges must be tackled before these systems are widely embraced. Industry groups and government regulators should study rules on data privacy and data security, particularly for uses that touch on sensitive consumer information. It will have greater connectivity, vastly more data, improved data analysis & response; this will make our lives better.
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