Feature of JAVA programming language:-

  • Simple
  • Pure object oriented
  • Architectural neutral
  • Platform independent
  • Compiled and interpreted
  • Security
  • Robust
  • Distributed
  • Dynamic
  • Multithreading
  • Extensive

 

From above we get,

  • JAVA is simple, because, JAVA removes the virtual, friend, pointer concepts which are from C and C++.
  • We can write a JAVA code anywhere and run it. So, it is called as WORA means Write Once Run Anywhere.
  • JAVA is Robust, because, it has a strong exception handling.
  • JAVA provides all functionality at the runtime. So, it is dynamic.

Java uses the following features to fulfill the previously listed goals:

  • The JVM
  • Garbage collection
  • The JRE
  • JVM tool interface

The Java Virtual Machine:-

  • The JVM is an imaginary machine that is implemented it in a software on a real machine.
  • The Java Virtual Machine provides hardware platform specifications to which you compile all the java technology codes.
  • This specification enables the java to be platform independent, because the compilation is done for a generic machine, known as JVM.
  • Compiler takes the java source code and generates a bytecode.
  • Bytecodes are the machine code instructions for the JVM.
  • Bytecode are stored in a .class file.
  • The JVM specification provides a concrete definitions for the implementation of:

1)    Instruction set

2)    Register set

3)    CPU

4)    Garbage collected heap

5)    A memory area

6)    Fatal error reporting mechanism

7)    High precision timing support

  • The coding format of JVM consists of compact and efficient byte-codes.
  • Type checking is done at compile time.

Garbage collection:-

  • When we run a java program memory for that program is allocated inside the memory of the JVM.
  • When JVM runs 1st time it sends the requirement to the OS for particular amount of a memory.
  • OS allocates a memory to the JVM and allocated memory is managed by the JVM.
  • Managing this memory means allocating the memory for particular reference or de-allocating the memory which is not referenced.
  • And this memory is called as managed memory.
  • When OS allocates a memory for the JVM. The JVM initialized that memory to 0 that’s why each and every member is initialized with 0 by default.
  • When we allocate a memory for a java program the reference of that memory is kept by the JVM.
  • If that reference is pointing such a memory which is not in used by any other program that memory is considered as unreferenced memory.
  • In the JVM garbage collector is a thread which scan a memory of JVM periodically.
  • While scanning if it found some memory which is unreferenced that memory is collected by the garbage collector.
  • For de-allocating memory garbage collector uses reference count concept similar as OS.
  • According to above description we can predict that we cannot decide the execution of a destructor, because, the garbage collector is called periodically.
  • Means we cannot predict when the finalize method is called.

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Written by Sourabh Bhunje

Sourabh Bhunje, B.E. IT from Pune University. Currently Working at Techliebe. Professional Skills: Programming - Software & Mobile, Web & Graphic Design, Localization, Content Writing, Sub-Titling etc. http://techliebe.com/about-us

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